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Bệnh nhân hen suyễn có nguy cơ bị loãng xương rất cao

Bệnh nhân hen suyễn có nguy cơ bị loãng xương rất cao

Asthma patients are at a very high risk of osteoporosis. What is the cause? And what can you do to deal with this disease? Let’s find out with Hello Bacsi now!

What is Asthma?

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Asthma is a chronic lung disease that affects more than 15 million Americans, including about 5 million under the age of 18. Asthma is increasingly common, and African-Americans are often at very high risk.

For asthmatics, everything around them can trigger an asthma attack: air pollution, allergies, exercise, inflammation, stress or negative emotions, and certain foods.

Asthma itself is not a threat to bone health. However, certain medications as well as certain voluntary treatments can adversely affect the musculoskeletal system.

Osteoporosis occurs when bones gradually become thin, weak, and prone to fracture. Fractures caused by osteoporosis can cause severe pain and lead to disability.

Factors that cause osteoporosis include :

  • Small or thin skeleton?
  • Family medical history
  • For women with menopause or early menopause or amenorrhea (no period)
  • Use of certain medications such as glucocorticoids
  • Not getting enough calcium
  • Insufficient physical activity
  • Smoke
  • Drink a lot of alcohol .

Osteoporosis is preventable. However, if not detected, the disease will develop for many years without symptoms until cracks or fractures appear.

Why are asthmatic patients at high risk of osteoporosis?

Patients with asthma are at higher risk for osteoporosis, especially in the spine, for a variety of reasons. First, they have to take a lot of anti-inflammatory drugs such as glucocorticoids to treat asthma. When taken with drugs, they decrease the amount of calcium absorbed from food, increase the amount of calcium in the kidneys, and decrease bone formation. Taking more than 7.5 mg of this drug per day can cause significant bone loss, especially during the first year of taking it. Corticosteroids also suppress hormone production in both men and women, which causes bone loss and muscle weakness, making you more likely to break, crack and fall.

Symptom

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In the early stages of osteoporosis, you will feel no pain and no symptoms. Once the bones weaken, the following symptoms appear:

  • Back pain will become severe if there is a fracture or collapse of the vertebrae
  • Reduce height and make your posture hunchback
  • Fracture in the vertebrae, wrist, hip, or other bone.

Osteoporosis management plan

While people with asthma have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis, the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis will not be too different for people with asthma than for people without the disease. The plan includes:

Nutrition

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A diet rich in calcium and vitamin D is important for bone health. Good sources of calcium include low-fat dairy products; dark green vegetables; dark fruits and foods and beverages containing calcium.

Vitamin D plays an important role in calcium absorption and bone health. You can absorb them from the sun.

Practice

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Giống cơ, xương sẽ trở nên mạnh hơn thông qua tập luyện. Loại hoạt động tốt nhất cho xương là các bài tập chống lại trọng lực như tập tạ.

Kiểm tra mật độ xương

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Các bài kiểm tra đặc biệt như kiểm tra mật độ xương (BMD) sẽ đo mức độ xương ở nhiều khu vực trong cơ thể. Những bài kiểm tra này giúp phát hiện kịp thời chứng loãng xương trước khi có dấu hiệu gãy nứt và dự đoán khả năng xuất hiện gãy nứt trong tương lai.

Dược phẩm

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Giống hen suyễn, loãng xương không có cách chữa trị hoàn toàn. Tuy nhiên, hiện nay có nhiều phương pháp giúp ngăn ngừa và điều trị loãng xương. Các loại dược phẩm bao gồm (alendronate, risedronate, ibandronate, raloxifene, calcitonin, teriparatide) và liệu pháp hormone/estrogen đều có khả năng ngăn ngừa hoặc chữa trị loãng xương, đặc biệt với phụ nữ mãn kinh.

Patients need to be careful when taking medications to treat both asthma and osteoporosis. Essentially, medications can put asthmatics at a higher risk of osteoporosis. However, that does not mean that you can stop taking any medication on your own. Please consult your doctor for the best care and treatment.

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Omron nebulizer machines

In addition, asthma patients still need to take medication and should be equipped with supportive devices such as the Omron nebulizer . These devices often have a compact design, which saves medicine, allows the drug to be easily absorbed and works faster. You can rest assured to choose because this is a reputable brand recommended by the Vietnam Respiratory Association. If you want to buy, please click here !

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Nguồn tham khảo

Asthma and Osteoporosis. https://www.webmd.com/osteoporosis/asthma-and-osteoporosis#1. Ngày truy cập 16/01/2018.

Osteoporosis. http://acaai.org/asthma/conditions/osteoporosis . Ngày truy cập 16/01/2018.

 

Ảnh tác giảbadge
Tác giả: Huệ Trang Cập nhật: 09/11/2021
Tham vấn y khoa: Bác sĩ Nguyễn Thường Hanh